• Physics

     
    General Standards
     
    ¨     Introduction
    ¨     Motion and Kinematics
    ¨     Forces and Newton's Laws
    ¨     Energy and Conservation
    ¨     Electricity and Magnetism
    ¨     Waves
    ¨     Modern Physics
     
    Standards Terminology Glossary
     
    ¨     General - Goals
     
    ¨     Content - What a student should know
     
    ¨     Competency - What a student should be able to do
     
    ¨     Assessment - How well a student should be able to perform
     
    ¨     Rubric - Scoring tool to evaluate the level of student performance
    1.     Introduction
     
    Content Standard
    1.1.Experiences, Observations and Order      
    Competency Standard
    1.1.1.   Cites examples of experiences in the physical world
    1.1.2.   Distinguishes between objective and subjective observations
    1.1.3.   Recognizes situations in which order exists
    1.1.4.   Works with others in scientific inquiry to observe, hypothesize and analyze
     
    Content Standard
    1.2.Inquiry
    Competency Standard
    1.2.1.   Demonstrates inquiry into natural phenomena
     
    Content Standard
    1.3.Logic
    Competency Standard
    1.3.1.   Understands the difference between fact and opinion
    1.3.2.   Distinguishes cause and effect
    1.3.3.   Recognizes the difference between correlation and causality
    1.3.4.   Makes scientific predictions
     
    Content Standard
    1.4.Gathering and Analyzing Data
    Competency Standard
    1.4.1.   Designs and/or completes experiments to test a hypothesis
    1.4.2.   Performs measurements to gather data
    1.4.3.   Measures with precision and accuracy
    1.4.4.   Determines the reasonableness of data
    1.4.5.   Analyzes results from measurements
    1.4.6.   Uses multiple representation to explain results concisely
    1.4.7.   Graphs data and shows mathematical relationships
     

     
    2.     Motion and Kinematics
     
    Content Standard
    2.1.Time and Position
    Competency Standard
    2.1.1.   Recognizes changes in time
    2.1.2.   Distinguishes time from changes in time
    2.1.3.   Gives examples of perceived changes in time as thought to be relative
    2.1.4.   Identifies a frame of reference and position of objects with respect to a reference point
    2.1.5.   Differentiates between distance and displacement
    2.1.6.   Generates and analyzes position vs. time graphs
     
    Content Standard
    2.2.Velocity
    Competency Standard
    2.2.1.   Defines velocity and identifies it graphically
    2.2.2.   Distinguishes between speed and velocity
    2.2.3.   Differentiates between average and instantaneous velocities
    2.2.4.   Analyzes velocity vs. time graphs
    2.2.5.   Demonstrates an understanding of phenomena at relativistic speeds
    2.2.6.   Understands simultaneity
    2.2.7.   Generates time dilation and length contraction
     
    Content Standard
    2.3.Acceleration
    Competency Standard
    2.3.1.   Defines acceleration
    2.3.2.   Demonstrates an understanding of acceleration in two dimensions
    2.3.3.   Identifies uniform motion around a curve
    2.3.4.   Understands and uses mathematical equations

     
    3.     Forces and Newton's Laws
     
    Content Standard
    3.1.Classification of Forces
    Competency Standard
    3.1.1.   Understands Contact and Non-Contact forces
    3.1.2.   Recognizes the difference between force and pressure
    3.1.3.   Classifies Fundamental Forces
    3.1.4.   Differentiates between Internal and External Forces
    3.1.5.   Creates and uses Free-Body diagrams
     
    Content Standard
    3.2.Force and Momentum
    Competency Standard
    3.2.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of force, momentum and time
    3.2.2.   Differentiates between weight and mass
    3.2.3.   Understands friction
     
    Content Standard
    3.3.Resistance to Change in Velocity
    Competency Standard
    3.3.1.   Gives examples and understands Inertia
     
    Content Standard
    3.4.Interactions
    Competency Standard
    3.4.1.   Demonstrates an Understanding of Newton's Third Law
     
    Content Standard
    3.5.Gravitation
    Competency Standard
    3.5.1.   Understands and uses the Law of Universal Gravitation
    3.5.2.   Analyzes and understands the concept of fields
     
    Content Standard
    3.6.Forces Causing Two Dimensional Motion
    Competency Standard
    3.6.1.   Understands projectile motion
    3.6.2.   Describes and calculates Centripetal force
    3.6.3.   Understands Rotational equilibrium

     
    4.     Energy and Conservation
     
    Content Standard
    4.1.Energy
    Competency Standard
    4.1.1.   Understands Potential and Kinetic Energy
    4.1.2.   Recognizes and identifies various forms of Energy
     
    Content Standard
    4.2.Thermodynamics
    Competency Standard
    4.2.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of the Zeroth Law
    4.2.2.   Understands qualitatively the First Law
    4.2.3.   Understands qualitatively the Second Law
    4.2.4.   Defines Heat
    4.2.5.   Understands and calculates the Specific Heat of a substance
    4.2.6.   Demonstrates an understanding of how thermal conductivity influences our perception of hot and cold
    4.2.7.   Uses thermal energy to explain phase and phase changes
    4.2.8.   Relates collisions of particles to the Ideal Gas Law
     
     
    Content Standard
    4.3.Redistribution of Energy in Systems
    Competency Standard
    4.3.1.   Explains energy redistribution
    4.3.2.   Defines and Analyzes systems using conservation law
    4.3.3.   Examines collisions in systems
    4.3.4.   Relates the concept of work to the action of forces
    4.3.5.   Defines and calculates Power

     
    5.     Electricity and Magnetism
     
    Content Standard
    5.1.Electrostatics
    Competency Standard
    5.1.1.   Describes the electric charge distribution in neutral and charged bodies
    5.1.2.   Recognizes how electric charges interact with each other
    5.1.3.   Investigates Coulombs Law
    5.1.4.   Understands electric fields using gravitational fields as a model
    5.1.5.   Recognizes for any given point in space, the electric potential is caused by a distribution of charges
     
    Content Standard
    5.2.Potential Differences, Current and Resistance
    Competency Standard
    5.2.1.   Identifies simple electrical circuits
    5.2.2.   Explains the role of wires and resistance in a circuit
    5.2.3.   Manipulates and analyzes circuit elements in a DC circuit
    5.2.4.   Understands the basic properties and uses of superconductors
    5.2.5.   Differentiates between electric power and electrical energy
     
    Content Standard
    5.3.Magnetism
    Competency Standard
    5.3.1.   Explains properties of permanent magnets and their interactions
    5.3.2.   Recognizes the forces associated with magnetic field concepts
    5.3.3.   Understands electromagnetic induction
    5.3.4.   Explains the role of oscillating charges in the production of electromagnetic waves
     
    Content Standard
    5.4.Solid State Electronics
    Competency Standard
    5.4.1.   Understands the structure of semiconductors
    5.4.2.   Explains how current is conducted in semiconductors

     
    6.     Waves
     
    Content Standard
    6.1.Wave Properties
    Competency Standard
    6.1.1.   Understands vibrations and how they travel
    6.1.2.   Explains how waves transfer energy
    6.1.3.   Classifies types of waves
     
    Content Standard
    6.2.Periodic Waves
    Competency Standard
    6.2.1.   Understands how periodic waves are produced
    6.2.2.   Explains the characteristics of periodic waves
     
    Content Standard
    6.3.Modeling Phenomena as Waves
    Competency Standard
    6.3.1.   Applies the wave model to vibrating physical systems
    6.3.2.   Models sound, light and similar phenomena as waves
     
    Content Standard
    6.4.Wave Behaviors
    Competency Standard
    6.4.1.   Understands that waves incident on a boundary may be reflected
    6.4.2.   Demonstrates an understanding of refraction
    6.4.3.   Recognizes and understands interference
    6.4.4.   Demonstrates an understanding of diffraction
    6.4.5.   Demonstrates an understanding of polarization
     
    Content Standard
    6.5.Simple Harmonic Motion
    Competency Standard
    6.5.1.   Understands simple, forced and damped harmonic motion
     
    Content Standard
    6.6.Matter as Waves and Particles
    Competency Standard
    6.6.1.   Evaluates the wave nature of matter
    6.6.2.   Understands what happens when waves interact with matter
    6.6.3.   Explains Einstein's Postulates

     
    7.     Modern Physics
     
    Content Standard
    7.1.Atomic Physics
    Competency Standard
    7.1.1.   Explains the historical development of atomic physics during the 19th and 20th centuries
    7.1.2.   Understands electrons
    7.1.3.   Recognizes photons as discrete energy levels
    7.1.4.   Describes and uses Quantum Numbers
     
    Content Standard
    7.2.Chaos and Fractals
    Competency Standard
    7.2.1.   Understands rule-governed systems
    7.2.2.   Understands the concept of nonlinearity
    7.2.3.   Identifies systems that are sensitive to initial conditions
    7.2.4.   Understands fractal patterns as a reflection of chaos
     
    Content Standard
    7.3.Cosmology
    Competency Standard
    7.3.1.   Traces the history of Cosmology
    7.3.2.   Understands and uses astronomical tools
    7.3.3.   Identifies modern theories of evolution of the universe
     
    Content Standard
    7.4.Nuclear Physics
    Competency Standard
    7.4.1.   Understands fission
    7.4.2.   Understands fusion
    7.4.3.   Explains radioactivity
    7.4.4.   Relates the four fundamental forces to each other
     
    Content Standard
    7.5.Particle Physics
    Competency Standard
    7.5.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of particle accelerators
    7.5.2.   Understands the relationships of families, forces and conservation
    7.5.3.   Identifies quarks and explains the phenomena of baryons and mesons
     
    Content Standard
    7.6.Michelson-Morley Experiment
    Competency Standard
    7.6.1.   Understands the operation of the Michelson-Morley interferometer
    7.6.2.   Explains the implications of the experiment
     
    Content Standard
    7.7.Special Relativity
    Competency Standard
    7.7.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of Einstein's postulates
    7.7.2.   Understands simultaneity
    7.7.3.   Explains time dilation and length contraction
    7.7.4.   Understands Mass increase
    7.7.5.   Identifies c as a speed limit
    7.7.6.   Understands curved space