Civics & American Government

Topic 1: PRINCIPLES AND DOCUMENTS OF GOVERNMENT                                             
            Content Standard
1.1  The necessity of government and law
Competency Standards
1.1.1     Evaluate the necessity of government on a federal and state level
1.1.2         Analyze the importance of the rule of law and the sources, purposes, and functions of     
             law on federal and state levels
1.1.3    Analyze how law promotes the common good by protecting individual rights
           Content Standard
   1.2   The sources of American and Pennsylvanian law and government
                   Competency Standards
1.2.1        Understand the principles and ideals of the basic documents which shaped American government and law
(ex: Magna Carta, Mayflower compact, English Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, Constitution of the United States)
1.2.2        Understand the principles and ideals of the basic documents which shaped Pennsylvanian government and law (ex: Pennsylvania State Charters and Constitution)
        Content Standard
1.3    The importance of the principles and ideals in civic life
Competency Standard
1.3.1        Analyze the principles and ideals shaping government
      Diversity of people and ideas
      Common good, Rule of law.
      Popular sovereignty
      Justice etc.
        Content Standard
            2.1   The individual’s civic rights and responsibilities
    Competency Standards
                      2.1.1   Compare the roles and rights of individuals in an
·        Autocracy
·        Democracy
·        Oligarchy
2.1.2        Compare the status of citizens and non-citizens in the United States
                              Native-born citizens
        Naturalized citizens
        Legal aliens
     Content Standard
2.2    Participation in civic and political life
Competency Standard  
                       2.2.1   Analyze the processes of
·        Referendum
·        Recall
·        Petition
        Content Standard
2.3    Steps in voting process
Competency Standards
2.3.1        Explain the requirements for voting in federal, state, and local elections (ex: Amendments, registration, ballots)
2.3.2        Analyze the role of political parties in the electoral process (ex: primaries, national conventions)
2.3.3        Understand the elements of the election process (campaign, election, electoral college, and inauguration)
2.3.4        Analyze Supreme Court cases which protected the right to vote for various groups
        Content Standard
             3.1 Federal, state , and local governments
Competency Standards
3.1.1        Analyze and evaluate the structure, organization, and operation of federal, state, and local governments
3.1.2        Understand and evaluate how a bill becomes a law on each level of government
        Content Standard
3.2            Responsibilities and powers of government
Competency Standard
3.2.1        Analyze the extent of responsibilities and powers of each level of government
·        Checks and balances
·        Separation of power
·        Concurrent powers
        Content Standard
    3.3   Individual rights and due process
Competency Standards
3.3.1        Analyze judicial protection of individual rights and due process
·        Equal protection
·        Habeas Corpus
·        Presumption of innocence
·        Right to Counsel
·        Trial by jury
·        Right against self-incrimination
·        Double jeopardy
·        Right of appeal
   3.3.2 Analyze court decisions in Pennsylvania and the United States that have affected   
            principles and ideals of government and civic life including             
·        Federal Supremacy
·        Civil rights
·        Judicial Review
3.3.3 Analyze court decisions in Pennsylvania and the United States which have protected
         personal rights including the right to
·        life at all stages from conception to natural death
·        privacy
·        freedom of religion
·        free speech
        Content Standard
           3.4   The role of the media and interest groups
Competency Standards
3.4.1        Evaluate the roles of the Media and interest groups on political life in the United States
3.4.2         Explain the roles of the Media and Political Action Committees in setting the public agenda
        Content Standard 
3.5         Funding governments
Competency Standards
3.5.1        Analyze issues regarding how and why government should raise money to pay for its operation and services
                     3.5.2    Evaluate the way government determines needs and allocates funds